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فارسي

Goftogu Quarterly on Culture & Society

Quarterly on Culture & Society


Topical Articles

From Aran to Azarbaijan / Enayattolah Reza

Azarbaijan and Iranian Nationalism / Touraj Atabaki

The Soviet Red Army and the Invention of ‘Southern Azarbaijan’ / David Nissman

Ethnic Conflict in the Causes and Their Impact in Iran; a Look at the 1905 Disturbances / Reza Azari Shahrezaei

A Letter from Mohammad Amin Rasoulzadeh / Editorial Board

The Azarbaijan Issue in Iran; a Major Problem for the Future of Iran / Nassib Nassibzadeh

The Islamic Republic and the Question of Azarbaijan / Kaveh Bayat

 

 

 

The problem of Azarbayejan

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Topical Articles

From Aran to Azarbaijan

Enayattolah Reza
A cultural and historical survey of a territory that prior to WWI was known as The Albania of Caucasus. Following the Arab conquest this region came to be called Aran, and for a while after the Russo-Iranian wars of the early to mid 19th Century it was recognized as the Khanat of Shervan, Ganjeh, etc. The name change from Aran to Azarbaijan was a consequence of the Pan-Turkist agitations of the Ottoman's during WWI. The article discusses the hidden agenda of these agitations and their subsequent impact.

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Azarbaijan and Iranian Nationalism

Touraj Atabaki
The taking shape of a Pan-Turkistpolitical and cultural identity in the Ottoman sphere of influence, coupled with a number of military developments during the WWI, had an important impact in the Caucasus as well. Parts of Iranian territory and population also found themeselves the object of Turkish agitations to join this movement. Iranian reactions to these cessationist agiations, which were primaily articulated by Azarbaijani Iranians, played an important role inshaping new definitions of an Iranian identity.

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The Soviet Red Army and the Invention of ‘Southern Azarbaijan’

David Nissman
The rise and fall of the Democratic PArty of Azarbaijan in the late stages of the WWI is not only an important event in the modern history of Iran, but also occupies an important place in the early stages of the Cold War. This episode was the result of a long term plan of the Soviet military and intelligence strategists. This the slogan/concept of 'Southern Azarbaijan' played in it.

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Ethnic Conflict in the Causes and Their Impact in Iran; a Look at the 1905 Disturbances

Reza Azari Shahrezaei
Concomitant with the Russian Revelution of 1905 and the Russo-Japanese War and Russia's military defeat, a number of ethnic conflicts between Muslims and Armenians broke out in the Caucasus. These conflicts lie at the root of hostilities that continue to date. The attempts of some political groups in the Caucuses to spread these conflicts to Iran and the successful counter measures of the Iranian state officials and men of rligion who managed to ward off these attemts are the main topics of this article.

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A Letter from Mohammad Amin Rasoulzadeh

Editorial Board
Although Rassoulzadeh, as an influential leader of the 'Mossavat' Party played an important role in changing the name of Aran to Azarbaijan and in establishing the 'Republic of Azarbaijan', nonetheless he also displayed a desire to come to a mutual understanding with Iran. This conciliatory attitude was a result of his old connections with Iran, especially in the course of the Constitutional Revelution, as well as a number of political considerations. one of his letters, published here, reflects these attitudes and Rassoulzadeh's approach to Iran and Azarbaijan.

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The Azarbaijan Issue in Iran; a Major Problem for the Future of Iran

Nassib Nassibzadeh
The importance of this article, written by the former ambassador of the Republic of Azarbaijan in Iran, is that it reflects the perspective and the interpretation of Baku officials about the 'problem of Azarbaijan'. The article both demonstrates how these officials interpret Azarbaijan's 'history'. as well as their conceptions of potential future developments of this region.

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The Islamic Republic and the Question of Azarbaijan

Kaveh Bayat
This article deals with the aftermath of the collapse of the Soviet Union and the emergence of a number of independent nation states in its stead, especially focusing on the Republic of Azarbaijan. The Islamic Republic's reation to this development ignored the nationalist aspect of the new state's identity, assuming instead that religion would play the predominant role in shaping Azarbaijan's national identity. Iran's approach and understanding of subsequent development in Azarbaijan were shaped by this inaccurate assumption, and will be the subject of this article.

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